1941 as a requirement to reinforce the island’s artillery, units of the Heeres
Küsten Batterie (army coastal battery) were assembled in France in preparation
for transport to Guernsey.
At this date these batteries were not part of any regiment but were
individual units available to army or corps commanders for attachment to
divisions for special purposes.
of these units was H.K.B. 471.
A German war diary report from July 1942 stated that the battery was
assembled in the XVI army area with crews and ammunition ready but its guns were
still in Germany undergoing refurbishment.
units arrived in Guernsey via St. Malo during December and work on construction
of its concrete emplacements commenced.
Upon arrival on the islands the batteries were split into four groups,
two on Jersey, two on Guernsey each controlled by a HKAA (Heeres Küsten
Artillerie Abteilung – army coastal artillery battalion.)
727 set up its headquarters at St. Peter’s arsenal and had seven batteries
subordinate to it:-
|HKB 353 (Batterie Naumannshohe)|
|HKB 354 (Batterie Barbara)|
|HKB 461 (Batterie Ostellung, Alderney)|
|HKB 462 (Batterie Cobo)|
HKB 463 (Batterie Arsenal)
HKB 471 (Batterie Westberg)
|HKB 472 (Batterie L’Eree)|
In 1943 when it became apparent that the intended replacement naval batteries would not be available, it was decided to form these individual batteries into HKAR 1265 (Army Coastal Artillerie Regiment 1265), this in turn being split into four battalions.
so HKB 471 Batterie Westberg became the 15th unit of the 4th
Battalion HKAR 1265.
All coastal batteries were under control of Naval Command, Channel
Islands based at St. Jacques, St. Peter Port.
|1||Marine Batterie 1 Mirus||4 x 30.5 cm|
|2||Marine Batterie 2 Steinbruch||4 x 15 cm|
|3||Marine Batterie 4 Strassburg||4 x 22 cm|
|HEERES KUSTEN ARTILLERIE
|4||7 HKAR 1265 Elefant||3 x 21cm|
|5||8 HKAR 1265 Mammut||3 x 21 cm|
|6||9 HKAR 1265 Rhinozeros||3 x 21cm|
|7||10 HKAR 1265 Barbara||4 x 15.5 cm|
|8||13 HKAR 1265 Scharnhorst||4 x 15 cm *|
|9||14 HKAR 1265 Gneisenau||4 x 15 cm *|
|10||15 HKAR 1265 Dollmann||4 x 22 cm|
|11||16 HKAR 1265 Radetzsky||4 x 22 cm|
*Transferred Jersey 8.44